Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodship is situated in north-eastern part of Poland. The name of the province refers to two names of historic lands that the province consists of: Warmia and Mazury. In terms of size the province with its 24.000 square km area is the fourth voivodship in Poland, which is the equivalent to 7,7% of the area of the whole country. To the North one can find Russia’s Kaliningrad Autonomous Region, which means that voivodship’s border is also Poland’s Northern border.
There is a number of border checkpoints for:
- road traffic in: Bezledy, Gronowo and Gołdap,
- railway traffic in: Braniewo, Bartoszyce and Skandawa,
- sea traffic in: Elbląg and Frombork.
A distinctive feature of Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodship is its agricultural and tourist character. Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodship is divided into 19 counties (2 of them being "city counties" - Olsztyn City County and Elbląg City County) and 116 boroughs (16 are urban, 33 are urban-country and 67 of them are country boroughs). There are 49 cities and over 3.900 smaller settlements. Olsztyn is the largest city and it is also the capital of the voivodship. A small amount of inhabitants with a wide area of the voivodship makes the average population density of the voivodship twice as small as in the other parts of Poland. The average density is 60 people per square km and in the village area 25 people per square km. Warmińsko-Mazurskie voivodship is inhabited by 1,4 million people that is the equivalent to 3,8% of the population of Poland and places our voivodship on 12th position in Poland. Rich fauna and flora together with other features unique in European scale constitute to the region’s attractiveness. As far as the areas legally protected are concerned the voivodship is in the lead in Poland. The main part of the voivodship (46,2%) is occupied by areas legally protected including 96 reserves and 8 landscape parks. The tourist attractiveness of the voivodship is amplified by rich cultural tradition. One can find here historic monuments: wooden as well as stone churches, castles, palaces, country manors but also avenues and unique buildings of the cities and villages. The most developed branch of the tourism in the region is agricultural one. There are about 3.000 farms in the voivodship and this is the highest index in Poland.